Politics        0  670 reads

1)Goverment
 

Administrative divisions
5 regions (regions, singular - region); Centrale, Kara, Maritime, Plateaux, Savanes

Ambassadors from Finland > Current Finnish Ambassadors > Ambassador

No representation

Capital city

Lome

Capital city > Geographic coordinates

6 08 N, 1 13 E

Capital city > Name

Lome

Capital city > Time difference
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Constitution
multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 July 1992, adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992

Copyright > Reference

Art. 36,

countries' copyright length > Usual term of copyright protection

50 pma

CPIA equity of public resource use rating

2

[72nd of 75]

CPIA quality of public administration rating

2

[72nd of 75]

Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador Patricia McMahon HAWKINS

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy
4332 Blvd. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Cite OUA, Lome

Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX

[228] 261-5501

Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address
B. P. 852, Lome; 2300 Lome Place, Washington, DC 20512-2300

Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone

[228] 261-5470

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery
2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission
Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Lorempo LANDJERGUE

Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX

[1] (202) 232-3190

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone

[1] (202) 234-4212

Elections > Head of state

Direct election

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Address

12 Range Road

embassies and high commissions in Ottawa > Neighbourhood

Sandy Hill

Executive branch > Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the president and the prime minister

Executive branch > Chief of state
President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 May 2005); note - Gnassingbe EYADEMA died on 5 February 2005 and was succeeded by his son, Faure GNASSINGBE, with the support of the military following international condemnation for the unconstitutional move he then stepped aside pending elections, and Abass BONFOH served as interim president; Faure GNASSINGBE later won popular elections in April 2005

Executive branch > Election results
Faure GNASSINGBE elected president; percent of vote - Faure GNASSINGBE 60.2%, Emmanuel Akitani BOB 38.3%, Nicolas LAWSON 1%, Harry OLYMPIO 0.5%

Executive branch > Elections
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 24 April 2005 (next to be held by 2010); prime minister appointed by the president

Executive branch > Head of government
Prime Minister Gilbert HOUNGBO (since 7 September 2008)

Flag description
five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; a white five-pointed star on a red square is in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Flag modification

27

[29th of 197]

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment

December 20, 1993

Foreign relations of Western Sahara > States recognizing the SADR > Date of recognition

March 17, 1976

General government final consumption expenditure > annual % growth

3.1 %

[57th of 147]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$

140,666,200 constant 2000 US$

[107th of 145]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant 2000 US$ (per capita)

22.891 constant 2000 US$ per c

[107th of 146]

General government final consumption expenditure > constant LCU

32016930000

General government final consumption expenditure > current LCU

111700000000

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$

211,766,400 $

[131st of 169]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per $ GDP)

0.096 $ per $1 of GDP

[125th of 184]

General government final consumption expenditure > current US$ (per capita)

34.462 $ per capita

[126th of 184]

Government type
republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

Independence
27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

International organization participation
ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Judicial branch
Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

Legal origin
French

Legal system
French-based court system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

Legislative branch
unicameral National Assembly (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Legislative branch > A note
two opposition parties boycotted the election, the Union of the Forces for Change, and the Action Committee for Renewal

Legislative branch > Election results
percent of vote by party - RPT 39.4%, UFC 37.0%, CAR 8.2%, independents 2.5%, other 12.9%; seats by party - RPT 50, UFC 27, CAR 4

Legislative branch > Elections
last held on 14 October 2007 (next to be held in 2012)

Legislative branch > Note
two opposition parties boycotted the election, the Union of the Forces for Change and the Action Committee for Renewal

National holiday
Independence Day, 27 April

political parties > Dominant party

Political parties and leaders
Action Committee for Renewal or CAR [Yawovi AGBOYIBO]; Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA; Democratic Party for Renewal or PDR; Juvento [Monsilia DJATO]; Movement of the Believers of Peace and Equality or MOCEP; Pan-African Patriotic Convergence or CPP; Rally for the Support for Development and Democracy or RSDD [Harry OLYMPIO]; Rally of the Togolese People or RPT [Faure GNASSINGBE]; Socialist Pact for Renewal or PSR; Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Gagou KOKOU]; Union of Forces for a Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO]

Political parties and leaders > A note
Rally of the Togolese People or RPT, led by President EYADEMA, was the only party until the formation of multiple parties was legalized 12 April 1991

Prime minister

Yawovi Agboyibo

Procedures to build a warehouse > number

14

[128th of 168]

Procedures to build a warehouse > number (per capita)

2.278 per 1 million people

[88th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number

37

[67th of 170]

Procedures to enforce a contract > number (per capita)

6.021 per 1 million people

[71st of 171]

Procedures to register property > number

7

[60th of 167]

Procedures to register property > number (per capita)

976.403 per 1 billion people

[67th of 167]

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament > %

8.6 %

[132nd of 174]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number

13

[31st of 171]

Start-up procedures to register a business > number (per capita)

2.116 per 1 million people

[62nd of 171]

Status

pseudo-democracy

Suffrage
NA years of age; universal (adult)

Time required to build a warehouse > days

273 days

[34th of 168]

Time required to enforce a contract > days

535 days

[70th of 171]

Time required to register property > days

242 days

[13th of 167]

Time required to start a business > days

53 days

[43rd of 171]

Time to prepare and pay taxes > hours

270 hours

[77th of 169]

Time to resolve insolvency > years

3 years

[78th of 151]

Total businesses registered > number

1,684

[71st of 71]

Total businesses registered > number (per capita)

0.289 per 1 million people

[66th of 83]

Transnational Issues > Disputes > International
in 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; in 2006 14,000 Togolese refugees remain in Benin and Ghana out of the 40,000 who fled there in 2005

UN membership date

20 Sep. 1960

United Nations mission
http//businessafrica.hispeed.com/africabiz/countries/togo.htm
http//www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5430.htm

Washington, D.C. embassies > Neighborhood

Embassy Row

SOURCES All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Wikipedia; List of Ambassadors from Finland ; CIA World Factbook, 14 June, 2007 ; Wikipedia; List of countries' copyright length ; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia; Elections by country ; Wikipedia; List of embassies and high commissions in Ottawa ; Flagspot; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Croatia ; Wikipedia; Foreign relations of Western Sahara ; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbook, December 2003; Wikipedia; List of political parties ; Wikipedia Prime minister ; electionworld.org; United Nations World Statistics Pocketbook and Statistical Yearbook; Wisconsin High School Model United Nations; Wikipedia; List of Washington, D.C. embassies

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Togo, Togolese Republic, Republique Togolaise

Democracy

 

Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Management Index 2006 2.28 [110th of 118]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index > Status Index 2006 3.82 [98th of 119]
Bertelsmann Transformation Index>Political Transformation 4.07 [85th of 119]
Civil and political liberties 2 [95th of 140]
CPIA gender equality rating 3 [65th of 75]
CPIA policies for social inclusion/equity cluster average 2.6 [68th of 75]
CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating 2.5 [59th of 75]
CPIA public sector management and institutions cluster average 2.2 [74th of 75]
CPIA transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector rating 2 [64th of 75]
Electoral system two-round system
Electoral system type majority
Female candidacy 1,945 [99th of 161]
Female ministers 16.3% [48th of 125]
Female parliamentarians 4.9% [135th of 157]
Female suffrage 1945
First female parliamentarian 1961 (elected)
Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.847368744871647 [134th of 183]
Homosexuality laws of the world > Homosexuality laws > Laws against homosexuality Yes
Parliamentary elections > Turnout 0 [116th of 117]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 2,544,950 [98th of 163]
Parliamentary elections > Voting age population (per capita) 471.287 per 1,000 people [109th of 162]
Presidential elections > Invalid votes 1.8% [36th of 61]
Presidential elections > Registered voter turnout 69.8% [50th of 86]
Presidential elections > Total vote 1,587,030 [62nd of 87]
Presidential elections > Turnout 74.8 [24th of 82]
Presidential elections > Voter registration 2,273,190 [66th of 86]
Presidential elections > Voting age population 2,121,210 [70th of 91]
Presidential elections > Voting age population (per capita) 392.816 per 1,000 people [72nd of 91]

SOURCES Bertelsmann Transformation Index online, 2006; http//www.bertelsmann-transformation ... /BTI_2006_Ranking_GB.pdf; Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2000-2001, New York Freedom House, 2001; World Development Indicators database; No comment is being made on the state of democracy. Categorizations are based on the electoral law, or the last competitive election held; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on women in government at the ministerial level. March. Geneva; calculated on the basis of data on parliamentary seats from IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2002. Parline Database. March 2002; IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 1995. Women in Parliaments 1945-1995; A World Statistical Survey. Geneva and IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union). 2001. Correspondence on year women received the right to vote and to stand for election and year first woman was elected or appointed to parliament. March. Geneva.; Source Millennium Development Goals Database | United Nations Statistics Division; Wikipedia; Homosexuality laws of the world ; Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance 2003

ALTERNATIVE NAMES Togo, Togolese Republic, Republique Togolaise

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